Capital city
Heron TowerTower 4230 St Mary AxeLeadenhall BuildingWillis BuildingLloyds BuildingCanary Wharf20 Fenchurch StreetCity of LondonLondon UndergroundElizabeth TowerTrafalgar SquareLondon EyeTower BridgeRiver ThamesLondon montage. Clicking on an image in the picture causes the browser to load the appropriate article.
About this image
Clockwise from top: City of London in the foreground with Canary Wharf in the far background, Trafalgar Square, London Eye, Tower Bridge and a London Underground roundel in front of Elizabeth Tower
London is located in the United Kingdom
Location within the United Kingdom
London is located in England
Location within England
London is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°7′39″W / 51.50722°N 0.12750°W / 51.50722; -0.12750Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°7′39″W / 51.50722°N 0.12750°W / 51.50722; -0.12750Sovereign stateUnited KingdomCountryEnglandRegionLondon (coterminous)CountiesGreater London
City of LondonSettled by RomansAD 47[2]
as LondiniumDistrictsCity of London & 32 boroughsGovernment
 • TypeExecutive mayoralty and deliberative assembly within unitary constitutional monarchy • BodyGreater London Authority
Mayor Sadiq Khan, Labour
London Assembly • London Assembly14 constituencies • UK Parliament73 constituenciesArea
 • Total[A]607 sq mi (1,572 km2) • Urban
671.0 sq mi (1,737.9 km2) • Metro
3,236 sq mi (8,382 km2) • City of London1.12 sq mi (2.90 km2) • Greater London606 sq mi (1,569 km2)Elevation
36 ft (11 m)Population
 • Total[A]8,961,989[1] • Density14,670/sq mi (5,666/km2) • Urban
9,787,426 • Metro
14,257,962[4] (1st) • City of London
8,706 (67th) • Greater London
8,899,375DemonymsLondonerGVA (2018)
 • Total£487 billion
($624 billion) • Per capita£54,686
($70,110)Time zoneUTC (Greenwich Mean Time) • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)Postcode areas
Area codesInternational airportsHeathrow (LHR)
City (LCY)
Gatwick (LGW)
Stansted (STN)
Luton (LTN)
Southend (SEN)Rapid transit systemUndergroundPoliceMetropolitan (excluding the City of London square-mile)