Buenos Aries is the national capital of Argentina. Covering 203 square kilometers, Buenos Aires is the largest city in Argentina and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America. The city is settled on the western shore of the Rio de la Plata that lies 150 miles away from the Atlantic Ocean. In the year 2019, the city’s population was reported more than 15 million by the United Nations - World Population Prospects. The demography of Buenos Aires is diverse including the descendants of the immigrants from Spain and Italy. The population recorded in 2001 was 12,648,000 which has been approximately increased by 19.05%.
Buenos Aries is perched on the north-eastern edge of Pampas. Pampas is the flat plain that covers the agricultural mainland of Argentina. Buenos Aries is known worldwide because of the rich dance style, Tango, that it contributed to the world. UNESCO declared the tango as a part of the intangible cultural heritage of inhumanity in the year 2009. The city is also the home of the world’s widest avenue- the Avenida 9 de Julio, that features some incredible pieces of architecture.
Data and facts
The Buenos Aries port is the largest port of South America, that designates Buenos Aries as a trade center. Spanish discovered this city in the 16th century as a trading city only. Traditionally the residents are called ‘porteños’ (people of the port). It was in the 19th century when Buenos Aires was exposed to glory due to its prosperous culture and architecture. Like most of the cities in Argentina, Argentinian Peso is accepted here as the currency. But Us dollar is also considered in the market. In 2005 Buenos Aries became the first UNESCO City of Design, and the credit goes to the sustainable model of its creative sector.
The federal district and the flanking suburbs together holding hands form this metropolitan area. The federal district was established in 1880 and is marked by the Riachuelo River and Avenida General Paz.
Since 1996, the elected mayor and the city council supervises the city government. Whereas the municipality of Buenos Aries is governed by the president of the republic and the legislation is handled by the National Congress. Partidos or counties are the different administrative units of the city, where each Partido is governed by a municipal council and an elected mayor.
The economy of Argentina is dependent on the trade of agricultural commodities and the center for this exchange is the capital city. The port in Buenos Aries provides hands to numerous trade practices in the country. Buenos Aires is the hub for all the major economic activities including production, processing, and shipping. The Gross Geographic Product of the city was calculated as US$ 84.7 billion in the year 2011. This implies that the per capita was US$ 34200.
Numerous industries contribute to the prosperous economy of Buenos Aries. Printing, publishing, automobile assembly, food processing, oil refining, and metalworking are some of the prominent industries in the city but the major contribution if made by-
Manufacturing of chemicals, beverages, textiles, and paper is designated as the main industry of the city. Buenos Aires has seen significant growth in heavy industries. The city displays some astounding fractions in relation to this industry. One-half of the manufacturing jobs of the whole country are found here and one-third of the industrial capacity is located here.
Looking at the large share the banks of Buenos Aries hold in the country’s bank deposits, it won’t be wrong to say that the city monopolizes the banking activity of Argentina. The active stock exchange market of the city aids it to hold the position as the eminent stock trading center in the country. the two-fifths of the jobs in the area are reported in the service industry.
The widest avenue in the world resides in Buenos Aires. In 2012 the Avenue 9 de Julio went under a splendid transit makeover. Reducing the average travel time by 30 minutes the makeover improved travel for 200000 passengers per day. Earlier where lied only the car lanes now exist bus-only lanes, 17 bus stations accommodating 11 bus lines.
In 2013 the city completed several sustainable transportation projects which fetched the 2014 Sustainable transport Award for the city the greater Buenos Aires is the home to the three most significant airports in Argentina. The first one named, Aeropargue Jorge Newbery, lies in the proper city. The second one holding two names- Ezeiza airport and Ministro Mistrani international airport usually serves international routes. And the last one El Palomar Airport operates for a few domestic flights.
In the year 2017, Buenos Arise won the title of the smartest city in Latin America, in the IESE Cities in Motion Index. Furthermore, the government launched the ‘Neighbourhoods of the Future’ program. This program aims at promoting augmented reality and equip the city with a GPS tracker.
Social wellness and human resources
Buenos Aires has taken the responsibility to decrease carbon emissions and increase the quality of life. By increasing the number of bicycle and non-carbon vehicle lanes the city started the initiative to take care of the environment and public health.