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Los Angeles

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Los Angeles Spanish word for '"The Angels"' is officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A. It is the largest city in the U.S. state of California. Los Angeles is a sprawling Southern California city and the center of the nation’s film and television industry. Near its iconic Hollywood sign, studios such as Paramount Pictures, Universal and Warner Brothers offer behind-the-scenes tours. On Hollywood Boulevard, TCL Chinese Theatre displays celebrities’ hand- and footprints, the Walk of Fame honors thousands of luminaries and vendors sell maps to stars’ homes.

Data and facts

  • Los Angeles had an official population at the 2010 census of 3,792,621. The current population is estimated to be 3.99 million. 
  • Los Angeles County has 75 miles of coastline and altitudes ranging from 9 feet below sea level at Wilmington to 10,080 feet above sea level atop Mt. San Antonio.
  • Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles but commonly known as L.A., is California's most populous city and the second-most populous city in the US after New York City. 
  • Los Angeles climate has often been described as “perfect” and with good reason. Most days are sunny and warm, with gentle ocean breezes in the summer.  The humidity is low with little rain.
  • Some of the world’s best-known and most iconic landmarks and attractions call Los Angeles home: the Hollywood Sign; Griffith Observatory; the Getty Center; the Walt Disney Concert Hall at the Music Center in Downtown L.A.; the Hollywood Walk of Fame; the TCL Chinese Theatre; Space Shuttle Endeavour at the California Science Center; the Battleship USS Iowa located at the Port of Los Angeles in San Pedro; Air Force One at the Ronald Reagan Library; and Universal Studios Hollywood, with its dynamic immersive experience, The Wizarding World of Harry Potter™.
  • With various museums and exhibits, Los Angeles is full of inspiring art and diverse cultural experiences. In fact, Los Angeles has more museums and theatres than any other city in the U.S.
  • Los Angeles is the world's premier center for the entertainment industry, home to a handful of the planet's most famous studios.


The government of Los Angeles operates as a charter city (as opposed to a general law city) under the charter of the City of Los Angeles. The elected government is composed of the Los Angeles City Council with 15 city council districts and the mayor of Los Angeles, which operate under a mayor–council government, as well as several other elective offices. The current mayor is Eric Garcetti, the current city attorney is Mike Feuer and the current city controller is Ron Galperin. In addition, there are numerous departments and appointed officers such as the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), the Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD), the Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT), the Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL), and the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP).

Los Angeles City Hall, completed in 1928, is the center of the government of the city of Los Angeles, California, and houses the mayor's office and the meeting chambers and offices of the Los Angeles City Council.  It is located in the Civic Center district of downtown Los Angeles in the city block bounded by Main, Temple, First, and Spring streets.


Los Angeles is one of the most dynamic economies in the world, with a fast-growing and immense high-tech industry, world leading creative economy, tremendous strength in aerospace and advanced transportation, the nation’s largest manufacturing base, the nation’s largest international trade industry, and a rapidly increasing amount of venture capital investment in startups. With over a dozen major industries, the LA region is also known for innovation as creative collisions occur where industries overlap, driving new business concepts and entirely new sectors, making LA the creative capital of the nation. All this success can be traced to a highly diverse, skilled workforce and visionaries who are reinventing everything from transit to translational medicine.


As it builds a more sustainable, livable, and safe city, Los Angeles is investing in new infrastructure that will expand our transit system, protect our environment, build new jobs, and make it easier for everyone to get where they’re going. It’s repaving thousands of roads, restoring sidewalks, modernizing LAX and the Port, expanding our public transit system, and rebuilding the 6th Street Viaduct. Los Angeles is a city in motion. Mixed-use towers rise on the downtown skyline as transit lines and freeways extend their reach, the LA River begins its revitalization, and world-class sports venues open to much fanfare. But along with the promise of a bright future are the realities of a homelessness crisis, nation-high housing prices, traffic, and infrastructure improvement needs that plague many large urban landscapes across the United States.  Increasingly volatile cycles of drought and wildfires, and the ever-present threat of a major earthquake, demand that Angelenos prepare for resilience not only to prevent, but also to rebound from catastrophic events more effectively than ever before.


Los Angeles is promoting research and development into sustainability and data science, adopting technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT) to improve the quality of life of Angelenos. The city is facing challenges to urban functionality, such as congestion, as well as environmental issues like pollution, climate change, and the threat of natural disasters like earthquakes. To deal with these challenges, Los Angeles has become an early adopter of smart city solutions and is a testing ground for urban technology. The city is teaming up with universities and tech companies to improve services and help clean up the environment by, for example, facilitating recycling and waste disposal. Another objective is to boost the city’s ability to attract business and innovation. Los Angeles has been named America’s number one digital city for the third year in a row. According to the Center for Digital Government, the city is a leader in innovation and leveraging data to improve the lives of Angelenos by, for example, making transport more efficient and expanding green spaces. Other smart city goals include increasing government transparency and applying technological solutions to social issues.

Social Wellness and Human Resources


Public schools in Los Angeles

Historically, the Los Angeles Unified School District has been plagued with high drop-out rates, underfunding and overcrowding. However, in recent years the situation has improved markedly, and today LA public schools are well worth considering. Two major advantages of public schooling are the cost (tuition is free) and the fact that zoning regulations require children to attend a school close to homes. As a result, children will interact with peers from their own neighborhood. It is common to find that many parents even pick a neighborhood to live in based on its proximity to their preferred school.

Charter schools in Los Angeles 

Charter schools in the USA are non-profit institutions that receive less public funding than regular public schools and instead receive additional funding from private sources. There are a number of charter schools in LA. While these schools cover much of the state's curriculum, some also tend to have a more specific focus. These schools are a very popular option among parents in LA. Unfortunately gaining admission into charter schools in LA is not easy and waiting lists are often lengthy. Many of the schools operate admission lotteries to ensure the allocation of places is fair.

Magnet schools in Los Angeles

Children who are gifted in a particular area of the curriculum, a magnet school in LA would be a good option. There are a number of magnet schools to choose from in LA, with each of these institutions being geared towards students pursuing careers in very particular fields. Each magnet school has different admissions criteria.

Private schools in Los Angeles

Private schools are funded by fees and governing bodies. As a result, they have much more leniency and do not have to conform to educational directives handed down to them by the government – thus affording teachers the opportunity to customize their curricula and teaching styles, which can range from very alternative to conservative and strict.


The Department of Health Services (DHS) is an integrated network of clinics and hospitals that provides quality medical care to people of all ages. From prevention and wellness to specialty, emergency and inpatient care, DHS is a thriving, patient-centered health care system.


Tourism Generated Record $36.6 Billion Boost to Los Angeles Economy in 2018As the City of Los Angeles’ official tourism marketing organization, Los Angeles Tourism & Convention Board markets and promotes Los Angeles as the premier destination for leisure travel, meetings and conventions. L.A. Tourism is a private, non-profit 501(c)(6) business association. The mission of L.A. Tourism is to advance the prosperity of L.A.'s tourism economy and the livelihoods that depend on it. L.A. Tourism works proudly on behalf of more than 1,100 Member businesses from the area’s hospitality community and is responsible for sales and marketing efforts focused on the meetings & convention industry, domestic and international leisure travelers, travel trade and media worldwide.












Vision / R&D
Finance / Economy
Talent / People / Culture
Innovation / Livability
Smart policies / Tax incentives
Social impact
 United States
September 4, 1781[2]
May 23, 1835[3]
April 4, 1850[4]
 • Land
468.67 sq mi (1,213.8 km2)
 • Water
34.02 sq mi (88.1 km2)
 • Urban
1,736.02 sq mi (4,496.3 km2)
 • Metro
4,850 sq mi (12,562 km2)
305 ft (93 m)
Highest elevation
5,074 ft (1,547 m)
Lowest elevation
0 ft (0 m)
 • Total
 • Estimate 
 • Rank
1st, California
2nd, U.S.
 • Density
8,092/sq mi (3,124/km2)
 • Urban
 • Metro
13,131,431 (U.S.: 2nd)
 • CSA
18,679,763 (U.S.: 2nd)
 • Summer (DST)
GNIS feature IDs
Sourced by wikipedia